In this article, openjason brings to you about Mikhail Gorbachev biography, net worth, early life, family, political career, achievements, and mikhail gorbachev cause of death in detail here.
Mikhail Gorbachev Wiki
|Name||Mikhail Gorbachev or Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev|
|Born||March 2, 1931|
|Death||August 30, 2022 (91Years)|
|Birthplace||Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai, Russia|
|Place of Death||Central Clinical Hospital, Moscow|
|Special Achievements||Last Leader of Soviet Union|
Nobel Peace Prize in 1990
Mikhail Gorbachev Biography
Mikhail Gorbachev, full name Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, was a Soviet official who served as the Soviet Union’s president from 1990 to 1991 and as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s (CPSU) general secretary from 1985 to 1991. He was born on March 2, 1931, in Privolnoye, Stavropol Kray, Russia, U.S.S.R., and died on August 30, 2022, in Moscow, Russia. In 1991, the Soviet Union was dismantled and communism was defeated as a result of his efforts to democratize the political system and decentralize the economy of his nation. Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990, in part for his efforts to end the Soviet Union’s rule over Eastern Europe following WWII.
Who was Mikhail Gorbachev?
Mikhail Gorbachev was a Soviet politician. Gorbachev was the last president of the Soviet Union (1991–85), as well as the final general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1990–91). Gorbachev advocated democratic changes while serving as president and general secretary. He promoted disarmament and demilitarization in eastern Europe and implemented the glasnost and perestroika programs, which stand for “openness” and “restructuring,” respectively. Gorbachev’s initiatives ultimately contributed to the Soviet Union’s dissolution in 1990–1991.
How did Mikhail Gorbachev become president of the Soviet Union?
In 1971, Mikhail Gorbachev was elected to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s (CPSU) Central Committee. Gorbachev entered its top policymaking body (the Politburo) in the years 1979–1980, and in 1985 he was chosen to be the CPSU’s general secretary. In October 1988, General Secretary Gorbachev was chosen to preside over the national legislature’s presidium. (the Supreme Soviet). Gorbachev reorganized the Soviet government shortly after to incorporate a bicameral parliament. In 1989, the new Supreme Soviet was created by the parliament, with Gorbachev as its head. Gorbachev was the only candidate for president of the Soviet Union in 1990.
What is Mikhail Gorbachev known for?
Eastern Europe was no longer ruled by the Soviet Union after World War II, thanks in large part to Mikhail Gorbachev. The long-standing Iron Curtain dividing Western noncommunist governments from Eastern communist states was partially removed by Gorbachev. In international affairs, Gorbachev improved ties with noncommunist nations, particularly the United States. Gorbachev collaborated with Ronald Reagan, the president of the United States, to lessen the political and military hostilities between the US and the USSR. Gorbachev thus contributed to the conclusion of the Cold War. For his “leading role in the peace movement” in Europe, Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.
What did Mikhail Gorbachev do after the fall of the Soviet Union?
On December 25, 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev announced his resignation as president of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union disintegrated on that same day. In its place, the elected heads of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus created the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), a free association of sovereign states (Belorussia). Operating since early 1992, the CIS. Boris Yeltsin was in office as president of Russia at the time. Many duties of the old Soviet Union were taken on by the Russian government under Yeltsin. Gorbachev decided to run for president of Russia in 1996 as a result of his displeasure with the Yeltsin regime. Gorbachev didn’t win the election for president; he received less than 1% of the vote.
Mikhail Gorbachev Early Life, Family, Wife
Mikhail Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931, to Maria Panteleyevna Gorbacheva and Sergey Andreyevich Gorbachev in the poor peasant family of Russian and Ukrainian descent in Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai.
His grandfather changed his birth name of Viktor to Mikhail. He afterwards adopted the name Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev. Joseph Stalin, a member of the communist party, ruled over Russia when he was a child.
He became a member of the Communist party, which at the time was in power in the Soviet Union.
When Gorbachev was a student at Moscow State University in 1953, he wed Raisa Titarenko.
Mikhail Gorbachev Wife
Mikhail Gorbachev was married to Raisa Gorbacheva for many years until she died in 1999. 1953 saw them walk down the aisle.
Mikhail Gorbachev Children
Irina Mikhailovna Virganskaya is the only child or daughter of the late former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev who is still alive.
Mikhail Gorbachev Parents
The parents of Mikhail Gorbachev are Maria Panteleyevna Gorbacheva and Sergey Andreyevich Gorbachev.
Mikhail Gorbachev Net Worth
At the time of his death, Mikhail Gorbachev had an estimated net worth of $5 million.
Mikhail Gorbachev Education
In 1955, Mikhail Gorbachev graduated from Moscow State University with a law degree.
Mikhail Gorbachev Political Career
Young Mikhail Gorbachev joined the Communist Party, and following Stalin’s death, he became a fervent supporter of Nikita Khrushchev’s De-Stalinization measures. When he was chosen in 1970 to serve as the First Party Secretary of the Stavropol Regional Committee, his ascent officially began.
He subsequently traveled to Moscow in 1978 to accept the position of Central Committee secretary.
His greatest achievement came in 1985 when he was chosen to serve as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s General Secretary, therefore becoming the de facto head of state.
Mikhail Gorbachev Achievements
Mikhail Gorbachev established the “glasnost” and “perestroika” programs, which promoted press and speech freedom as well as economic growth. Decentralization of economic decision-making was another outcome.
Gorbachev is credited with ending the Cold War, which led to the USSR’s division into independent nations.
For his efforts to end the Cold War between the US and USSR, he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.
Mikhail Gorbachev Cause Of Death
On August 30, 2022, Mikhail Gorbachev passed away at Moscow’s Central Clinical Hospital after a protracted illness.